22. Jing, Y.,# Zhao, E. W.,# Goulet, M. A.,# Bahari, M., Fell, E., Jin, S., Davoodi, A., Jónsson, E., Wu, M., Grey. C. P., Gordon, R., D., Aziz, M. “Electrochemical regeneration of anthraquinones for lifetime extension in flow batteries” ChemRxiv  (DOI:10.33774/chemrxiv-2021-x05x1). (#equal contribution)

21.  Zhao, E. W., Shellard, E., Klusener, P. A. A., Grey, C. P. “In situ bulk magnetization measurement reveals the state of charge of redox flow batteries”. Under review in ChemComm.

20. Jin, Y., Magusin, P. C. M. M., Sturniolo S., Zhao, E. W., Lyu, D., Yamamoto, S., Malliaras, G. G., Grey, C. P. “Operando NMR visualization of ion dynamics in PEDOT:PSS”. ResearchSquare (DOI:10.21203/


19. Jethwa, B. J., Zhao, E. W., Kerber, R. N., Jónsson, E., Wright, D. S., Grey, C. P. “Designing for conjugate addition: an amine functionalised quinone anolyte for redox flow batteries” J. Mater. Chem. A 2021, 9, 15188-15198

18. Zhao, E. W., Jónsson, E., Jethwa, B. J., Hey, D., Lyu, D., Brookfield, A., Klusener, P. A. A., Collison, D., Grey, C. P. “Coupled in situ NMR and EPR studies reveal the electron transfer rate and electrolyte decomposition in redox flow batteries” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2021, 143, 1885-1895.

17. Liu, T., Vivek, J. P., Zhao, E. W., Lei, J., Garcia-Araez, N., Grey, C. P. “Current challenges and routes forward for nonaqueous lithium-air batteries” Chem. Rev. 2020, 120, 6558-6625.     

16. Zhao, E. W., Liu, T., Jónsson, E., Lee, J., Temprano, I., Jethwa, B. J., Wang, A., Smith, H., Carretero-González, J., Song, Q., Grey, C. P. “In situ NMR metrology reveals reaction mechanisms in redox flow batteries” Nature 2020, 579, 224-228.

15. Tan, R., Wang, A., Malpass-Evans, R., Williams, R., Zhao, E. W., Liu, T., Ye, C., Zhou, X., Darwich, B. P., Fan, Z., Turcani, L., Jackson, E., Chen, L., Li, T., Jelfs, K. E., Cooper, A. I., Brandon, N. P., Grey, C. P., McKeown, N. B., Song, Q. “Hydrophilic microporous membranes for selective ion separation and flow-battery energy storage” Nat. Mater. 2020, 19, 195-202.       


14. Zhao, E. W.*, Maligal-Ganesh, R., Mentink-Vigier, F., Zhao, Y., Du, Y., Pei, Y., Huang, W.*, and Bowers, C. R.* “Atomic-scale structure of mesoporous silica-encapsulated Pt and PtSn nanoparticles revealed by dynamic nuclear polarization-enhanced Si-29 MAS NMR spectroscopy” J. Phys. Chem. C 2019, 123, 7299-7307. (*corresponding author)


13. Zhao, E. W., Maligal-Ganesh, R., Du, Y., Zhao, Y., Collins, J., Ma, T., Zhou, L., Goh, T., Huang, W., and Bowers, C. R. “Surface-mediated hyperpolarization of liquid water with parahydrogen” Chem 2018, 4, 1387-1403.

12. Qian, K., Zhao, E. W., He, S., Wei, W. D.  “The effect of surface electronic structures of Au/TiO2 on sonophotochemical reactions” Chin. Chem. Lett. 2018, 29, 783-786.                                                                            

11. Zhao, E. W., Maligal-Ganesh, R., Xiao, C., Goh, T. S., Qi, Z., Pei, Y., Hagelin-Weaver, H. E., Huang, W., and Bowers, C. R. “Silica-encapsulated Pt-Sn intermetallic nanoparticles: a robust catalytic platform for parahydrogen-induced polarization of gases and liquids” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 2017, 56, 3925-3929.  


10. Zhai, Y., DuChene, J., Wang, Y., Qiu, J., Johnston-Peck, A.C., You, B., Guo, W., DiCiaccio, B., Qian, K., Zhao, E. W., Ooi, F., Hu, D., Su, D., Stach, E.A., Zhu, Z., Wei, W. D. “Polyvinylpyrrolidone-induced anisotropic growth of gold nanoprisms in plasmon-driven synthesis” Nat. Mater. 2016, 15, 889-895.                                                                                   

9. Zhao, E. W., Xin, Y., Hagelin-Weaver, H. E., Bowers, C. R. “Semihydrogenation of propyne over cerium oxide nanorods, nanocubes, and nano-octahedra: facet dependent parahydrogen-induced polarization” ChemCatChem 2016, 8, 2197-2201.     


8. Zhao, E. W., Zheng, H., Ludden, K., Xin, Y., Hagelin-Weaver, H. E., Bowers, C. R. “Strong metal–support interactions enhance the pairwise selectivity of parahydrogen addition over Ir/TiO2” ACS Catal. 2016, 6, 974-978.    


7. Zhao, E. W., Zheng, H., Zhou, R., Hagelin-Weaver, H. E., Bowers, C. R. “Shaped ceria nanocrystals catalyze efficient and selective para-hydrogen-enhanced polarization” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 2015, 54, 14270-14275.                                                                                                                                                                      


6. Zhou, R., Zhao, E. W., Cheng, W., Neal, L. M., Zheng, H., Quiñones, R. E., Hagelin-Weaver, H. E., Bowers, C. R. “Parahydrogen-induced polarization by pairwise replacement catalysis on Pt and Ir nanoparticles” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2015, 137, 1938-1946

5. Zhou, R., Cheng, W., Neal, L. M., Zhao, E. W., Ludden, K., Hagelin-Weaver, H. E., Bowers, C. R. “Parahydrogen enhanced NMR reveals correlations in selective hydrogenation of triple bonds over supported Pt catalyst” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 2015, 17, 26121-26129.  

4. Wang, Z., Liu, B., Zhao, E. W., Jin, K., Du, Y., Neeway, J. J., Ryan, J. V., Hu, D., Zhang, K. H. L., Hong, M., Guernic, S., Thevuthasan, S., Wang, F., Zhu, Z. “Argon cluster sputtering source for ToF-SIMS depth profiling of insulating materials: high sputter rate and accurate interfacial information” J. Am. Soc. Mass. Spec. 2015, 26, 1283-1290

3. Zheng, J., Gu, M., Genc, A., Xiao, J., Xu, P., Chen, X., Zhu, Z., Zhao, W., Pullan, L., Wang, C., Zhang, J.-G. “Mitigating voltage fade in cathode materials by improving the atomic level uniformity of elemental distribution” Nano Lett. 2014, 14, 2628-2635

2. DuChene, J. S., Niu, W., Abendroth, J. M., Sun, Q., Zhao, W., Huo, F., Wei, W. D. “Halide anions as shape-directing agents for obtaining high-quality anisotropic gold nanostructures” Chem. Mater. 2013, 25, 1392-1399

1. Zhao, W., Li, J., Kang, H. K., Zhou, B., Wong, C. C. “Direct laser interference writing of silver gratings” Nanosci. Nanotechnol. Lett. 2011, 3, 246-249.


2. Grey, C. P., Zhao, E. W., Shellard, E. “Device and method for determining state of charge in a flow battery” UK patent application 2102339.5, 19th Feb. 2021.

1. Bowers, C. R., Zhao, E. W. “Methods and systems for producing, using and administering hyperpolarized fluids” International patent application, PCT/US2018/054550, 5th Aug. 2018.